Wisdom teeth usually emerge when you are between 17 and 21 years of age. They erupt relatively late as compared to other teeth, which is why they are known as wisdom teeth. Two of these teeth are located in the upper jaw and two on the lower jaw. Wisdom teeth are often known as third molars, and are the toughest and widest teeth inside the mouth.
Symptoms of Wisdom Teeth Eruption
You may not feel your wisdom teeth arriving. The only time they cause pain is when they become impacted, affect other teeth, or result in some other dental issues. In such cases, you may experience the following symptoms:
Purpose and Function of Wisdom Teeth
Wisdom teeth thought to be “evolutionary relics” which our ancestors used for eating things like sticks and reed plants. They served as much needed replacements if any of their other teeth would chip or fall out. With changes in dietary patterns and jaw shape and size, the modern man no longer requires wisdom teeth. The mouth has evolved to become smaller and it is able to hold only 28 teeth. However, with wisdom teeth, the count increases to 32, making it difficult for them to adjust inside our mouths. This is why wisdom tooth eruption often causes issues such as infection, overcrowding, and bone and nerve damage.
Wisdom Teeth Extraction
When there is lack of space inside the mouth for wisdom teeth to emerge naturally, they tend to get impacted. These teeth may be completely hidden within the gums or emerge only partially. Dentists often recommend getting partially erupted wisdom teeth removed.
The oldest case of an impacted tooth was discovered in the skeleton of a woman who is estimated to have lived 15,000 years ago. Due to this, the theory of impaction being a contemporary condition has been cast in doubt. An impacted wisdom tooth may be at a high risk of decay. Partial emergence can form a passageway that may become a breeding ground for bacteria. If the decay is transferred to the tooth in the front as well, your dentist would need to repair it after extracting the wisdom tooth. Wisdom tooth impaction may lead to the following issues:
Your dentist will give you a local anaesthetic before beginning the extraction surgery. If several teeth need to be extracted, then a general anaesthetic may be used. The dentist would open the gum tissue and remove any bone over the tooth. They will separate the tissue connecting the tooth to the bone and then take the tooth out. Stitches may be required to complete the process. If you are experiencing pain near your wisdom teeth, consult a dentist. They will assess the shape of your mouth and the position of your teeth to decide the treatment. Schedule an appointment with us at Cooley Smiles by calling us at (425) 249-3509 today.